El imperio musulmán de los mogules o mongoles fue especialmente cruel en la India. La dimitid alcanzó allí el límite mismo de la esclavitud. Sobre la explotación generalizada de los hindúes se levantaron los palacios y otros edificios de ensueño que hoy vemos, como el Taj Majal, un caprichoso e inútil mausoleo. En la reseña por Fjordman del libro de Andrew
In The Great Divergence, Kenneth Pomeranz notes that Indian income distribution was significantly more unequal than in China, Japan or Western Europe, yet he doesn’t explain why. Mr. Pomeranz is too busy bashing or belittling Europe, as are most scholars these days, and does not mention the words “Jihad” or “jizya,” even though he probably should have:
“A study of Mogul land taxes for 1647 finds that 445 families received 61.5 percent of all revenues, which were about 50 percent of gross agricultural output, and that roughly one-quarter of the revenue flow to those families represented actual personal income. (The rest was consumed in various expenses of office.) If this is accurate, these 445 families – presumably less than .002 percent of the population – would have received an income from their offices alone equal to 7.5 percent of total agricultural output, or perhaps 6 percent of the society’s total income! An estimate based on Shireen Moosvi’s reconstructions for 1595 is similar: it suggests that 1,671 Mughal nobles would have had a net personal income from their claims on government revenue alone equal to about 7 percent of total empire-wide output. Although the records Moosvi worked from have been questioned, her calculations could be off by quite a bit and still confirm our general picture. And while at least some European visitors to China commented on a lack of severe poverty there, Europeans in India seem to have been struck by its extremes of wealth and poverty.”
Los viajeros europeos encontraban en la India un contraste acentuado entre opulencia y miseria auseuntene China o Japón. El 0,002% de la población disponía del 6% de la renta. Lo nunca visto.